If your skin is plagued with dark spots, you're not alone. Most of these cases are found in women between the ages of 30 and 50 with noticeable dark spots on their bodies.
Melasma is an extremely common skin condition that occurs when excess melanin forms on the upper lip, cheeks, forehead, nose, and ears — among other body parts. At its worst, melasma may cause dark splotches to cover large face areas. Over time, it darkens the affected area and can cover a large portion of your face.
It affects women more than men, which is why people mostly associate melasma with pregnancy or birth control pills. Often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”, melasma can also occur post-pregnancy.
Treatment for Melasma
There are several treatments available for melasma. It can be treated with several methods, including laser therapy, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion.
- Laser therapy uses a laser to remove melanin from the skin.
- Chemical peels use chemicals to remove the top layer of skin. They help exfoliate the skin's upper layer and stimulate new collagen production.
- Microdermabrasion uses a sanding tool to remove dead skin cells and improve the appearance of your complexion.
How to take care of skin with Melasma?
Here's what you need to include in your skincare regimen-
AM (Morning skincare)
- Cleansing- Wash your face with cold water & mild cleanser. Give priority to gentle gel-based cleansers with no fragrance and glycolic acid, lactic acid, and salicylic acid that brightens the skin.
- Moisturiser- Look for a moisturizer with vitamin C, hydroquinone, or cysteamine. All of these ingredients help with lightening the dark spots caused by Melasma.
- Sunscreen- Sun and light exposure is the most common reason for melasma. Sunscreen is one of the most important skincare steps as it will protect your skin from sun damage, which keeps the discoloration down. Note to apply sunscreen every 2 hours.
Unsweetened Beauty’s sunscreen can be the “go-to” sunscreen. It comes with SPF 50, PA++++, and layers well with other products. It’s non-sticky & leaves no white cast.
PM (Night skincare)
- Double cleanse- After all the dirt or pollution your face accumulates throughout the day, it's important to double cleanse your face at night. Again, choose a gentle cleanser with active ingredients like- mequinol, kojic acid, retinoids, and arbutin.
- Serum- It is a non-negotiable skincare step you should include. We may recommend you consult the best with your doctor. Vitamin C enriched serums are great for Melasma.
Moisturiser- Moisturize to lock all the goodness inside.
The right combination of exfoliants and moisturizers can give you incredible results. Again, everyone's skin is different, so what works for some won't work for others. Keep experimenting! And keep in mind that treatment is always evolving. So if you try something like this and don't get the expected results, speak with a dermatologist about other options.